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主题 : 英语语法:8大单复数一致性问题全面盘点
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英语语法:8大单复数一致性问题全面盘点

       所谓语法上一致就是谓语动词和主语在单、复数形式上保持一致。这个考点光从字面上来看貌似十分简单,但涉及到具体题目中却往往会成为扣分杀手。具体来说,有关一致性的具体考点主要有以下8种: 4fPbwiK j  
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英语语法:8大单复数一致性问题全面盘点 ?I{pv4G:  
1. 主谓语单复数一致性 <rd7<@>5D  
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以单数名词或代词、动词不定式短语、动名词短语或从句作主语时,谓语动词一般用单数形式;主语为复数时,谓语动词用复数形式。 jE!<]   
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如: 7Io]2)V  
His father is working on the farm. Lc ,te1  
To study English well is not easy. V?U->0>Z4  
What he said is very important for us all. ssVO+ T  
The children were in the classroom two hours ago. e%#(:L  
Reading in the sun is bad for your eyes. 19a/E1  
注意:由what引导的主语从句,后面的谓语动词多数情况用单数形式,但若表语是复数或what从句是一个带有复数意义的并列结构时,主句的谓语动词用复数形式。 7kmU/(8  
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如: Kn~f$1  
What I bought were three English books. ?c7 12a ?  
What I say and do is (are) helpful to you. \tf \fa  
2. 合成主语必须用复数形式 AF5.)Y@.  
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由连接词and或both …… and连接起来的合成主语后面,要用复数形式的谓语动词。 k.nq,  
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如: ^CZ!rOSv  
Lucy and Lily are twins. ] h3~>8<  
She and I are classmates. II$B"-  
The boy and the girl were surprised when they heard the news. Pg[XIfBva  
Both she and he are Young Pioneers. 5o;M  
注意: c@d[HstBJ  
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(1)若and所连接的两个词是指同一个人或物时,它后面的谓语动词就应用单数形式。 M0[7>N _  
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如: SV%;w>  
The writer and artist has come. e>`+Vk^Jc  
(2)由and连接的并列单数主语前如果分别有no, each, every more than a (an) , many a (an)修饰时,其谓语动词要用单数形式。 P]]re,&R  
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如: R5M/Ho 4  
Every student and every teacher was in the room. ~,[<R  
No boy and no girl likes it. 0mcZe5RS  
3. 名词或代词短语不影响单复数形式 = GUgb2TAT  
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主语为单数名词或代词,尽管后面跟有with, together with, except, but, like, as well as, rather than, more than, no less than, besides, including等引起的短语,谓语动词仍用单数形式;若主语为复数,谓语用复数形式。 )C^ZzmB  
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如: m2wGg/F5  
Mr. Green, together with his wife and children, has come to China. AE`z~L,  
Nobody but Jim and Mike was on the playground. $ ?ayE  
She,like you and Tom,is very tall. S]_iobWK  
4. 复合不定代词如何判断单复数? DIrQ5C  
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either, neither, each, every 或no +单数名词和由some, any, no, every构成的复合不定代词,都作单数看待。 {8b6M  
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如: }<m'Nkz<X  
Each of us has a new book. N]yh8"7X  
Everything around us is matter. dM n0nc+  
注意: Sv&_LZ-"P  
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(1)在口语中当either或neither后跟有“of+复数名词(或代词)”作主语时,其谓语动词也可用复数。 Sfl. &A(  
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如: ~`Uil=  
Neither of the texts is (are) interesting. -@=As00Bg  
(2)若none of后面的名词是不可数名词,它的谓语动词就要用单数;若它后面的名词是复数,它的谓语动词用单数或复数都可以。 _x+)Tv  
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如: sVT:1 kI  
None of us has (have) been to America. t,D7X1W  
5. 关系代词做主语时的单复数问题 wqx9  
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在定语从句时,关系代词that, who, which等作主语时,其谓语动词的数应与句中先行词的数一致。 G;jX@XqZ  
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如: 8uh^%La8b.  
He is one of my friends who are working hard. L!| `IK  
He is the only one of my friends who is working hard. AHB_[i'>7  
6. 集体名词单复数使用差异 !-tP\%'  
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如果集体名词指的是整个集体,它的谓语动词用单数;如果它指集体的成员,其谓语动词就用复数形式。这些词有family, class, crowd, committee, population, audience等。 }.L:(z^L,Y  
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如: }5b,u6  
Class Four is on the third floor. 3[*x'"Q;H  
Class Four are unable to agree upon a monitor. OCN:{  
注意:people, police, cattle等名词一般都用作复数。 ']C" 'b  
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如: <^n@q f}  
The police are looking for the lost child. nvInq2T 1  
7. 数量词构成短语的单复数用法 JTcE{i  
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由“a lot of, lots of, plenty of, the rest of, the majority of + 名词”构成的短语以及由“分数或百分数+名词”构成的短语作主语,其谓语动词的数要根据短语中后面名词的数而定。  i|!D  
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如: bMGU9~CeJ  
There are a lot of people in the classroom. ?m bI6fYv  
The rest of the lecture is wonderful. 3gQ2wP*K  
50% of the students in our class are girls. 0f;`Zj0l8  
注意:a number of“许多”,作定语修饰复数名词,谓语用复数;the number of“……的数量”,主语是number,谓语用单数。 CyKupJ.Fq  
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8. 倒装句中的动词单复数问题 OrRU$5Lo  
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在倒装句中,谓语动词的数应与其后的主语一致。 1Q!^%{Y;  
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如: >jRH<|Az  
There comes the bus. rodr@  
On the wall are many pictures. *?R<gWCF  
Such is the result. D.,~I^W  
Such are the facts.
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