统计排行幸运大转盘每日签到社区服务会员列表最新帖子精华区博客帮助
主题 : 英语语法:8大单复数一致性问题全面盘点
敬业心离线
级别: 管理员

UID: 20208
精华: 47
发帖: 29862
财富: 494270 鼎币
威望: 46 点
贡献值: 175 点
会员币: 0 个
好评度: 1600 点
在线时间: 5846(时)
注册时间: 2011-09-01
最后登录: 2019-04-22
楼主 发表于: 2018-12-13  
0

英语语法:8大单复数一致性问题全面盘点

       所谓语法上一致就是谓语动词和主语在单、复数形式上保持一致。这个考点光从字面上来看貌似十分简单,但涉及到具体题目中却往往会成为扣分杀手。具体来说,有关一致性的具体考点主要有以下8种: ^P`I"T d  
mS.!lkV  
英语语法:8大单复数一致性问题全面盘点 rMJ4w['J=  
1. 主谓语单复数一致性  [geT u  
|1Nz8Vr.  
以单数名词或代词、动词不定式短语、动名词短语或从句作主语时,谓语动词一般用单数形式;主语为复数时,谓语动词用复数形式。 K k^!P*#  
&m{~4]qWpM  
如: L l,nt  
His father is working on the farm. lxBcO/  
To study English well is not easy. EPM(hxCIQ  
What he said is very important for us all. <4^y7]] F  
The children were in the classroom two hours ago. YT@N$kOg_  
Reading in the sun is bad for your eyes. "T}HH  
注意:由what引导的主语从句,后面的谓语动词多数情况用单数形式,但若表语是复数或what从句是一个带有复数意义的并列结构时,主句的谓语动词用复数形式。 wHQYBYKcd  
vmW`}FKW  
如: C%P.`NxA  
What I bought were three English books. =g=Vv"B_  
What I say and do is (are) helpful to you. 8 ;=?Lw?  
2. 合成主语必须用复数形式 ^AO2%09.S  
`?T8NK  
由连接词and或both …… and连接起来的合成主语后面,要用复数形式的谓语动词。 O^R ^Aw  
eT8h:+k  
如: &<C&(g{Z  
Lucy and Lily are twins. eh3CVgH91;  
She and I are classmates. {dV!sQD  
The boy and the girl were surprised when they heard the news. ";59,\6  
Both she and he are Young Pioneers. b*< *,Ds/G  
注意: ,Lw '3  
}5"19 Go?  
(1)若and所连接的两个词是指同一个人或物时,它后面的谓语动词就应用单数形式。 }$s._)a  
~|e H8@o  
如: 6r)qM)97  
The writer and artist has come. v=+>ids  
(2)由and连接的并列单数主语前如果分别有no, each, every more than a (an) , many a (an)修饰时,其谓语动词要用单数形式。 jyjK~ !0  
~Q 1%DV.  
如: ?s: 2~Qlu  
Every student and every teacher was in the room. f@IL2DL}\  
No boy and no girl likes it. |Oe$)(`|h  
3. 名词或代词短语不影响单复数形式 Xdc>Z\0V  
u|E9X[%  
主语为单数名词或代词,尽管后面跟有with, together with, except, but, like, as well as, rather than, more than, no less than, besides, including等引起的短语,谓语动词仍用单数形式;若主语为复数,谓语用复数形式。 0CUUgwA /  
-"3<Ll  
如: XZ&q5]PJI  
Mr. Green, together with his wife and children, has come to China. 3`m n#RM  
Nobody but Jim and Mike was on the playground. YPsuG -is  
She,like you and Tom,is very tall. dg42K`E  
4. 复合不定代词如何判断单复数? _ ;_NM5  
eVbaxL!Q^  
either, neither, each, every 或no +单数名词和由some, any, no, every构成的复合不定代词,都作单数看待。 FA;uu\  
-|xyj2M  
如: Y>[u(q&09O  
Each of us has a new book. mEe JK3D[  
Everything around us is matter. *.0#cP7 "  
注意: I- X|-  
N!F ;!  
(1)在口语中当either或neither后跟有“of+复数名词(或代词)”作主语时,其谓语动词也可用复数。 g&"__~dS-F  
K"r'w8  P  
如: ?Y#0Je  
Neither of the texts is (are) interesting. rTjV/~  
(2)若none of后面的名词是不可数名词,它的谓语动词就要用单数;若它后面的名词是复数,它的谓语动词用单数或复数都可以。 |JW-P`tL0  
YS5Pt)?  
如: %maLo RJ  
None of us has (have) been to America. 438+ zU  
5. 关系代词做主语时的单复数问题 7.PG*q  
3g]Sp/  
在定语从句时,关系代词that, who, which等作主语时,其谓语动词的数应与句中先行词的数一致。 ~cSOni`  
K?q1I<94  
如: 3%<xM/#  
He is one of my friends who are working hard. ` AA[k  
He is the only one of my friends who is working hard. 5h^U ]Y#  
6. 集体名词单复数使用差异 h@"dpmpe  
DM%4 V|F"  
如果集体名词指的是整个集体,它的谓语动词用单数;如果它指集体的成员,其谓语动词就用复数形式。这些词有family, class, crowd, committee, population, audience等。 YoKY&i6r}  
Cu0N/hBT  
如: 4#Fz!Km  
Class Four is on the third floor. EwcN$Ma  
Class Four are unable to agree upon a monitor. HKk;oG  
注意:people, police, cattle等名词一般都用作复数。 f_r1(o 5:Y  
XU Hu=2F  
如: U<**Est  
The police are looking for the lost child. 33_YZOy^j  
7. 数量词构成短语的单复数用法 ,o}!pQ  
m?G}%u  
由“a lot of, lots of, plenty of, the rest of, the majority of + 名词”构成的短语以及由“分数或百分数+名词”构成的短语作主语,其谓语动词的数要根据短语中后面名词的数而定。 K4i#:7r'b  
1\q2;5  
如: rHu  #  
There are a lot of people in the classroom. !Jw   
The rest of the lecture is wonderful. @ba5iIt  
50% of the students in our class are girls. Z<Rz}8s  
注意:a number of“许多”,作定语修饰复数名词,谓语用复数;the number of“……的数量”,主语是number,谓语用单数。 2+Z2`k]AC  
e*e}X&|(g  
8. 倒装句中的动词单复数问题 BYN<|=  
}> k9]Y  
在倒装句中,谓语动词的数应与其后的主语一致。 >De\2gbJ  
qn#\ro1H  
如: W{l+_a{/9  
There comes the bus. gEtD qq~y@  
On the wall are many pictures. 3uCC_Am  
Such is the result.  ;uNcrv0J  
Such are the facts.
评价一下你浏览此帖子的感受

精彩

感动

搞笑

开心

愤怒

无聊

灌水
敬业心
描述
快速回复

谢谢,别忘了来看看都是谁回帖哦?
验证问题:
正确答案:8
按"Ctrl+Enter"直接提交
上一个下一个